From Quartzy on November 15, 2017:
“Contemplative exercise can improve your life by refining your mind, so it’s worth trying. But it’s also worth knowing what will work for your particular purposes.
An Oct. 4 study in Science Advances, led by neuroscientist Sofie Valk at the Max Planck Institute for Human and Cognitive Brain Sciences in Leipzig, Germany, could help answer this question. Researchers tested brain plasticity in about 300 people new to meditation practices. They examined the effects of three different sets of cognitive exercises — focused on presence, affect, and perspective, respectively — finding changes in different brain cortices governing various behaviors after training in each type.
Presence courses taught mindfulness through body and breath exercises. Affect training focused on loving-kindness meditation, generating and directing good feelings. The perspective course taught participants to see from the points of view of both their inner selves and other people.”